Persistent Disadvantage in Aotearoa New Zealand


  • Jo Smith MartinJenkins



New data and research shed fresh light on our understanding of persistent disadvantage in Aotearoa New Zealand. They show that, while overall income poverty and material hardship has declined significantly over the past decade or so, a small proportion of the population continues to experience multiple, complex disadvantages over many years, and sometimes generations. There has been little meaningful policy action aimed specifically at assisting this cohort of people who are experiencing the greatest need. Fundamental changes are needed across a range of systems. Providing effective supports and investments, and removing structural barriers and inequities, would have significant intergenerational pay-offs.


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Author Biography

Jo Smith, MartinJenkins

Jo Smith is a principal consultant at MartinJenkins. She specialises in economic research, policy and  evaluation.