Changing Freshwater Management in New Zealand

looking to the future we must look back


  • Mike Joy Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington



RMA, Freshwater, Future generations, Compliance monitoring and enforcement


Freshwater management policy in New Zealand is currently undergoing major upheaval. It is abundantly clear that the existing policy failed its stated goal, to protect freshwaters for future generations. Therefore, this is a crucial time to look back and see where policy failed so we can avoid repeating the same mistakes. The implementation failures included setting inadequate objectives, failing to monitor outcomes, and failing to adequately enforce even those compromised objectives. Furthermore, there were policy shortcomings, revealed by an almost total failure to deal with the diffuse nature of the biggest environmental impacts.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Mike Joy, Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Mike Joy is a freshwater scientist and a senior researcher at the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies at Te Herenga Waka⁠—Victoria University of Wellington.