Integrating Economic and Environmental Policy
Keywords:Environmental reporting, Environmental targets, Mainstreaming, Fiscal policy, Wellbeing budgets, Green budgeting
Integrating environmental policies into economic policy making is vital for environmental sustainability. This article explores three key
integration mechanisms: enhanced national state of the environment reporting, expanded environmental target setting, and mainstreaming the environment in fiscal policy and the annual budget cycle. The article discusses environmental reporting, resource management and wellbeing budgeting in New Zealand, including recent reviews and proposed reforms. It outlines the rapidly developing international practices in green budgeting. Entry points are identified for operationalising the current wellbeing budgeting framework by progressively exposing environmentally harmful fiscal policies, highlighting win–win tax and expenditure policies that are good for both the environment and the economy, and exposing trade-offs for more transparent deliberation.
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