Integrating Economic and Environmental Policy


  • Murray Petrie Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington



Environmental reporting, Environmental targets, Mainstreaming, Fiscal policy, Wellbeing budgets, Green budgeting


Integrating environmental policies into economic policy making is vital for environmental sustainability. This article explores three key
integration mechanisms: enhanced national state of the environment reporting, expanded environmental target setting, and mainstreaming the environment in fiscal policy and the annual budget cycle. The article discusses environmental reporting, resource management and wellbeing budgeting in New Zealand, including recent reviews and proposed reforms. It outlines the rapidly developing international practices in green budgeting. Entry points are identified for operationalising the current wellbeing budgeting framework by progressively exposing environmentally harmful fiscal policies, highlighting win–win tax and expenditure policies that are good for both the environment and the economy, and exposing trade-offs for more transparent deliberation.


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Author Biography

Murray Petrie, Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Murray Petrie is a senior research associate at the Institute of Governance and Policy Studies, Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington, and a member of the OECD Expert Group on Green Budgeting and the IMF’s Panel of Fiscal Experts. His book Environmental Governance and Greening Fiscal Policy: government accountability for environmental stewardship was published by Palgrave Macmillan in November 2021.