New Zealand’s Port and Harbour Marine Safety Code: a case study in co-regulation


  • Keith Manch



New Zealand Port and Harbour Marine Safety Code, Maritime New Zealand, port and harbour regulatory system, Port Companies Act, harbourmaster functions, co-regulatory mechanism, environmental scan


The inaugural annual national forum on the 2016 New Zealand Port and Harbour Marine Safety Code took place in July 2017 in Wellington. The 2016 code replaced a code originally put in place in 2004. Participants in the forum included the 2016 code partners: port companies, regional councils/unitary authorities, Maritime New Zealand, as well as maritime industry representatives, and other government agencies with an interest in maritime safety. The forum represented an important waypoint in the journey from the development, implementation and review of the 2004 code, to the development and implementation of the 2016 code as a key part of the regulatory system that seeks to manage port and harbour risks.


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