Maori Education in 1994: A Review and Discussion

  • Kathie Irwin
  • Lisa Davies


This article comprises four main sections each of which explores “whanau” in a range of educational contexts. The first section draws from research published in the Journal of the Polynesian Society by Dame Joan Metge (1990) to comment on the meaning and changing use of the concept “whanau”. This overview is then followed by the second section which comprises reflections and analyses of the Te Kauru family reunion which I attended at the beginning of this year. The third section takes May 6th, 1994, the day the film Once were Warriors and the book Te Maranga a te Ihu a Hukarere were launched, as a focal point to illuminate and explore the impact of two of the main contemporary uses of whanau in their respective contexts. Section four highlights and discusses the findings of a major study completed in 1994 in which “whanau” played a significant role. The study, “What happens to Maori girls at school?”, is the final report of The Regional Study of the School Based Factors Affecting the Schooling of Maori Girls in Immersion, Bilingual and Mainstream Programmes in the Wellington Region, commissioned by the Ministry of Education.


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Author Biographies

Kathie Irwin
Lisa Davies
How to Cite
IRWIN, Kathie; DAVIES, Lisa. Maori Education in 1994: A Review and Discussion. The New Zealand Annual Review of Education, [S.l.], n. 4, dec. 1994. ISSN 1178-3311. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 25 oct. 2020. doi:


Maori Education