Agriphotovoltaics Code of Ethics


  • Donald MacKenzie Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington



Agrivoltaics, Ethics, Concerns, Farmers, New Zealand


Solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies are recognised globally as a means of supplying affordable renewable electricity, while mitigating global carbon emissions. However, the development of large PV farms requires large surface areas due to the disperse nature of solar energy. Academic literature has identified Agriphotovoltaics (AgriPV); the dual-use of cropland for agriculture and PV electricity production, as a potential solution to reduce conflict between the two sectors. This paper addresses the social dimension of AgriPV systems, by suggesting a code of ethics for the technology. The suggested code of ethics ensures that the livelihoods of farmers and local communities are upheld; ensures farmers are well prepared to work at AgriPV sites; prioritises crop production in AgriPV systems; and ensures the preservation of farmland and local values. A case study of a proposed AgriPV development in Helensville, Aotearoa – New Zealand, is then used to assess the effectiveness of the code of conduct.


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