New Zealand Science Review <p><span style="font-size: 14px; color: #000000;"><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">New Zealand Science Review</span></em><span style="font-weight: 400;"> provides a forum for the discussion of issues of relevance to science in Aotearoa New Zealand in the past, present and future. It is aimed at scientists, decision makers, and the interested public.</span></span></p> en-US (Editorial Board) (Library Research Services) Tue, 20 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Cover and Contents <p>-</p> Editors Copyright (c) 2023 Mon, 13 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 President's Column (November 2023) <p>-</p> W. Troy Baisden Copyright (c) 2023 Mon, 13 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 President’s Column (December 2022) <p>-</p> Lucy C. Stewart Copyright (c) 2022 Lucy C. Stewart Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Reform for a future-focused science system <p>-</p> Tara Thurlow-Rae Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 NZAS Council Perspectives on Mātauranga Māori and Science <p>-</p> NZAS Council Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 12 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 New Zealand Association of Scientists: Te Ara Paerangi Future Pathways submission <p>-</p> New Zealand Association of Scientists Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A bridge between: Te Ao Māori and Te Ara Paerangi <p><strong><em>Purpose</em></strong></p> <p>Aotearoa New Zealand’s Research, Science and Innovation (RSI) system is undergoing a ‘once in a generation’ reform known as Te Ara Paerangi Future Pathways (TAP). One of TAP’s four high-level goals is to embed Te Tiriti o Waitangi across the RSI system. Using the analogy of bridge-making, we draw on insights from Māori submissions to TAP to identify collective Māori expectations for what a Tiriti-embedded system entails.</p> <p><strong><em>Method</em></strong></p> <p>Submissions were accessed through the document library on the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment website. 34 submissions from individuals and collectives were identified as Māori. Qualitative Document Analysis was used to identify major themes.</p> <p><strong><em>Results</em></strong></p> <p>Results are described with reference to basic bridge-building principles of design, foundations, materials and maintenance. Key thematic findings include: Māori, as Tiriti partners, must be meaningfully involved in the reform design; the RSI system’s foundations are deeply colonial - decolonisation is needed to value, respect and protect Māori knowledges and knowledge-holders; workforce development, infrastructure and policies are required to empower partnered and autonomous RSI approaches; and, ongoing system maintenance in the form of monitoring is required to ensure transparency, accountability and equitable benefits.</p> <p><strong><em>Reflection</em></strong></p> <p>Having committed to embedding Te Tiriti across the RSI system, MBIE now has a duty of care to deliver on its commitment vis-à-vis the National Research Priorities. This paper is a timely opportunity to set a baseline of collective expectations against which to assess the future efficacy of TAP.</p> <p>Ka mahi mātou, me te takune hei puananī</p> <p><em>We will work with the intent to travel freely in any direction</em></p> Tahu Kukutai, Louise Parr-Brownlie, Suzanne Pitama Copyright (c) 2023 Tahu Kukutai, Louise Parr-Brownlie, Suzanne Pitama Wed, 04 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Strong and Resilient Research System is Built by Valuing People <p>The New Zealand public research system is undergoing a once in a generation review and renewal. This piece reflects on past working conditions, describes the current situation, and provides some possibilities for improvement.</p> Robert Elshire Copyright (c) 2023 Robert Elshire Wed, 04 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Building connectivity at the research-policy interface in Aotearoa through a public sector postdoctoral fellowship scheme <p>Improving connectivity at the research-policy interface and supporting career development for early career researchers are twin goals of government-funded research systems in Aotearoa New Zealand and globally. The Aotearoa Ministry for Business, Innovation, and Employment (MBIE) began the process of overhauling the research system to achieve these, and other, goals through Te Ara Paerangi Future Pathways programme in 2021. Here, I propose a public sector postdoctoral fellowship scheme to place PhD graduates into roles within central government agencies, which MBIE could implement during the first phase of Te Ara Paerangi Future Pathways reforms. The Fellowship would strengthen collaboration at the research-policy interface and provide a low investment, high impact, opportunity to retain talent in Aotearoa by developing flexible career pathways for PhD graduates. &nbsp;</p> Olivia Truax Copyright (c) 2023 Olivia Truax Tue, 22 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Grim Realities of a Doctoral Student in Aotearoa <p>This article explores the multifaceted challenges confronting PhD students in Aotearoa New Zealand’s universities. In contrast to the advertised three-year completion timelines, evidence reveals extended PhD durations and a disconnect between enrolments and academic opportunities. The often unrecognised hurdles faced by PhD students include financial strains stemming from low stipends that do not cover the local cost of living, difficulty accessing additional income, and ambiguous student status. The complex phase at the completion of PhD represents a separate narrative with new challenges including the end of stipend funding and a significant gap in employment prospects while waiting months for the PhD to be examined. By documenting the poorly documented difficulties and realities, the authors aim to offer insights to stakeholders and prospective PhD students, fostering awareness and advocating for improvements in the doctoral education system.</p> Sneh Patel, Troy Baisden, Grace Yee Copyright (c) 2023 Sneh Patel, Troy Baisden, Grace Yee Mon, 13 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Consulting with Māori during development of a point-of-care device; translational and experiential findings. <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To consult with Māori on the design and development of a direct-to-consumer point-of-care (POC) device and gather views on point-of-care testing and biotechnology.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> One-on-one interviews and small group hui with self-identified Māori university staff and students (n = 6) conducted by an early-career Māori scientist. &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Key themes were the importance of achieving improved health outcomes for Māori through addressing known socioeconomic, geographic, and cultural factors that perpetuate health disparities. Other findings were the value of recognising the diversity in modern Māori identities, perspectives, and communities, as well as views on using synthetic biomolecules in medical devices and perceptions of biotechnology, and the potential for cultural over-engagement or misplaced focus in consultation. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>In this article, we describe our approach and experience of consultation led by a Māori lab-based scientist, and report unique perspectives of biotechnology from non-expert Māori academics for the first time. Direct-to-consumer POC testing may promote kaupapa Māori values such as tino rangatiratanga, whakawhanaungatanga and tikanga, which may help Māori overcome barriers to health care and testing, a key step in achieving improved health outcomes.</p> Te-Rina J. King-Hudson, Annabel Ahuriri-Driscoll, Renwick C. J. Dobson Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 15 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Taku teina, tōku rangatira. Recruitment, development and retention of Māori and Pasifika in science <p>The tuākana-teina (older-younger sibling) relationship is one of reciprocity that empowers leadership and support (Amopiu 2019). In response to the struggles of Māori and Pasifika students within educational institutions, the tuākana-teina relationship has been incorporated to enhance their cultural and academic well-being (Bishop and Glynn 2003; Callaghan et al. 2018; Oetzel et al. 2021; Parr 2016). In 1991, based upon this philosophy, Professor Michael Walker began the Tuākana programme within the School of Biological Sciences at Waipapa Taumata Rau, the University of Auckland. This paper examines the role of the Tūakana Biology programme in the recruitment, development and retention of Māori in Science at Waipapa Taumata Rau. Drawing from data and experiences of the programme from its inception to current day students, a secondary data analysis was conducted. Here we identify key components that make Tuākana Biology a success and challenges that&nbsp;restrict its implementation. We found the cultural space and community provided by Tuākana enhances Māori and Pasifika recruitment, development, and retention, positioning Tuākana Biology as a potential solution to Māori and Pasifika success within academia. Lack of funding, staffing capacity, and access to student data are the challenges the programme looks to overcome to realise its full potential.&nbsp;</p> Sarah Rewi, Mena Welford, Milly Heke, Brendon Dunphy Copyright (c) 2023 Sarah Rewi, Mena Welford, Brendon Dunphy, Milly Heke Wed, 26 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0000 NZAS Briefing for Incoming Minister - Research, Science & Innovation <p>-</p> NZAS Council Copyright (c) 2023 Mon, 13 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Donald Dalglish McGregor <p>-</p> Willie Smith Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The New Zealand Association of Scientists Awards for 2021 <p>-</p> Editors Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The New Zealand Association of Scientists Awards for 2022 <p>-</p> Editors Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Ms. Information (2023) <p>-</p> Georgia Carson Copyright (c) 2023 Mon, 13 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000